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The ABC’s of Diabetes Control

Content provided by the Faculty of the Harvard Medical School
Excerpted from a Harvard Special Health Report

Because diabetes raises your risk of heart disease by four to five times compared with people without the disease, you should pay close attention to factors that can put you at greater risk for heart trouble. These are often referred to as the "ABC's":

  • Hemoglobin A1c blood sugar test

  • Blood pressure

  • Cholesterol.

The treatment goals for people with diabetes are more stringent than those for people without diabetes. The good news is that lifestyle changes — and weight loss in particular — to improve your blood sugar usually will have a beneficial effect on the other values as well.

"ABC" Goals
HbA1c
Less than 7%
Blood pressure
Less than 130/80 mm Hg
LDL (bad) cholesterol
Less than 100 mg/dL
HDL (good) cholesterol
More than 40 mg/dL in men or 50 mg/dL in women

Related Video: Top 5 Rules to Live By with Diabetes

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Indications and Usage for Lantus® (insulin glargine [rDNA origin] injection)

Prescription Lantus® is a long-acting insulin used to treat adults with type 2 diabetes and adults and children (6 years and older) with type 1 diabetes for the control of high blood sugar. It should be taken once a day at the same time each day to lower blood glucose.

Do not use Lantus® to treat diabetic ketoacidosis.

Important Safety Information for Lantus® (insulin glargine [rDNA origin] injection)

Do not take Lantus® if you are allergic to insulin or any of the inactive ingredients in Lantus®.

You must test your blood sugar levels while using insulin, such as Lantus®. Do not make any changes to your dose or type of insulin without talking to your healthcare provider. Any change of insulin should be made cautiously and only under medical supervision.

Do NOT dilute or mix Lantus® with any other insulin or solution. It will not work as intended and you may lose blood sugar control, which could be serious. Lantus® must only be used if the solution is clear and colorless with no particles visible. Do not share needles, insulin pens or syringes with others.

The most common side effect of insulin, including Lantus®, is low blood sugar (hypoglycemia), which may be serious. Some people may experience symptoms such as shaking, sweating, fast heartbeat, and blurred vision. Severe hypoglycemia may be serious and life threatening. It may cause harm to your heart or brain. Other possible side effects may include injection site reactions, including changes in fat tissue at the injection site, and allergic reactions, including itching and rash. In rare cases, some allergic reactions may be life threatening.

Tell your doctor about other medicines and supplements you are taking because they can change the way insulin works. Before starting Lantus®, tell your doctor about all your medical conditions including if you have liver or kidney problems, are pregnant or planning to become pregnant, or are breast-feeding or planning to breast-feed.

Lantus® SoloSTAR® is a disposable prefilled insulin pen. Please talk to your healthcare provider about proper injection technique and follow instructions in the Instruction Leaflet that accompanies the pen.

Please click here or the link below for the full prescribing information for Lantus®

US.GLA.13.12.055 © 2014 sanofi-aventis U.S. LLC, A SANOFI COMPANY

Last Annual Review Date: Jan 5, 2012 Copyright: 2013 Harvard University. All rights reserved. Content Licensing by Belvoir Media Group

Reference: Diabetes section on Better Medicine


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